Archive | August 2015

Types of Training Aircraft

Some of the world’s most Popular Training Aircraft:

Cessna 152

The Cessna 152 (C-152) is one of the world’s most popular training aircraft. It is a 2 seater aircraft; room enough for a student and flight instructor. It is not a large or high-performance aircraft, but it is excellent for flight training. The controls are light, and the aircraft is easy to fly. It is very forgiving of mistakes. It is also one of the most cost-effective training aircraft in the world, making it an ideal aircraft for starting flight training.

Cessna 172

The Cessna 172 (C-172) is a four seater aircraft. It is a little larger, more powerful, and faster than the C-152. It is a little more expensive to operate than the C-152, but gives the advantage of carrying more weight. One can also take up more than one passenger, and it is good for doing cross-country flights required for private and commercial licenses. The controls are a little heavier, but the C-172 is also an excellent aircraft for flight training.

Flight Training

Cessna 182

The Cessna 182 (C-182) is a four seater aircraft, but larger, and faster than the C-172. It has a constant-speed propeller, a propeller which varies its “pitch” to maintain a constant RPM. This adds complexity for the pilot, but adds to efficiency and performance. This aircraft gives greater performance for longer cross-country flights, and is often used to drop parachuters.

Piper Seneca

The Piper Seneca (PA-34) is a light tiwn engine aircraft. It is an excellent aircraft to train for a multi-engine rating. It has 2 full-feathering, constant-speed propellers, and retractable landing gear. It introduces students to complex aircraft, and yet it is still relatively easy to fly, and an excellent aircraft for twin-engine training.

Piper Seneca II

Similar to a Piper Seneca, this aircraft has turbo-charged engines. This gives the advantage of improved performance at higher altitudes. An excellent aircraft for students wishing to upgrade to high performance aircraft.

King Air 200B

The King Air is a twin-Engine turbo-prop aircraft. The engines are powered by turbine, or “jet” engines powering the propellers rather than pistons. This is an excellent charter aircraft for it’s performance and reliability. The Kin Air is used for training students wishing to upgrade to the airlines, and various models of the King Air are used by many air forces for training students in multi-engine flying.

Types of Licenses & Ratings

Student Pilot Permit (SPL)

The Student Pilot Permit is the first step in becoming a pilot. It allows the holder the ability to fly an aircraft with an instructor and solo. A student pilot may NOT take passengers.

Private Pilot License (PPL)

This is the first license one obtains, and the beginning of every flying career. One must pass a written and flight test. The private pilot license allows the holder to take passengers flying, but not the right to earn a salary.

Commercial Pilot License (CPL)

The commercial pilot license allows the holder to fly, and get paid for it. It required 200 hours flying experience, and one must pass another written and flight test.

Pilot License

Multi-Engine Rating

The multi-engine rating allows the holder to fly an aircraft with more than one engine. A must for someone aspiring to be a corporate or airline pilot.

Instrument Rating

The instrument rating allows the holder the ability to fly an aircraft in reduced visibility. Airlines and charter companies must be able to fly in almost all weather conditions, and require this rating of all their pilots.

Instructor Rating

The instructor rating allows one to teach students to fly. This is an excellent way to start a fliying career, and training someone to become a pilot is one of the most rewarding experiences one can have.

Airline Transport Pilot (ATPL)

The Airline Transport Pilot License is the highest license a pilot can achieve. It requires a minimum of 1500 hours flying experience. This allows the holder the ability to become pilot in command of an aircraft of any weight.

Airline Pilot: A Dream Job

Few jobs offer the excitement of being an airline pilot. Imagine every day climbing to 35,000-40,000 feet above the clouds, going to far off places, and getting paid for it.

Most jobs are the same thing, day in and day out. Same office, same location, same duties all day, every day. No changes, ever! No matter how much one is paid, or how good the benefits, life would be painfully boaring. Although some people like the routine, many seek a life with excitement and change. For those who desire this, a career as an airline pilot may be just what they are looking for.

Airline pilot

As an airline pilot, every day offers new challenges. Something different, even if you are flying to the same location. Different weather conditions every day, at the point of departure, enroute, and destination. Different passengers, changing fuel reuirements due to different conditions, every day. Pilots solve complex problems, and must always be adapting to new and unexpected situations.Of coarse, there is routine in a pilot’s job. Routine aircraft checks, routine calls to Air Traffic Control. All are part of doing one’s job as a professional.

For one who seriously desires to be an airline pilot; a lot of hard work and dedication are required. You have to really want it, and want it bad. It is a career with great challenges, and awesome responsibilities.

If viewing sunrises and sunsets at 35,000 feet above the surface of the earth, and watching oceans and continents pass far below as you take passengers to their destinations, this might be the career for you.

Special Thanks to HM Aviation

I joined HM aviation when I was 18 years , they further helped me in taking admission in one of the finest aviation college . They helped me in getting my medical done from appropriate authority . Helped me in attaining my Education loan and further guided me to an authorised Immigration lawyer.

Today I am working as a Captain with an airline , I take this opportunity to thank them . As without them nothing would have been possible .If you are looking for a reliable aviation Consultant , your best bet will be to contact HM AViation . They will not only help you in securing an admission with the best Pilot Training school , in fact they will also guide you how to apply with various Airline operators around the world.

I wish HM aviation best of luck for Future , I am sure this Aviation Organisation will help many other upcoming potential students in achieving there dream of becoming an Airline Pilot .

Capt Sagar

My HM Experience

I had a life-long dream of becoming a pilot. I heard that the best flight training was available in North America. This was a scary prospect: traveling abroad, getting a visa and finding the best flight school. With no help, it seemed impossible.

I contacted HM Aviation, and they helped me select an excellent flying school in the United States. They also assisted me with my visa. Their staff of experts made getting a visa easy. They also helped me find financing at the best rate. They took care of so many important steps even before I started flight training!

HM Aviation

Upon arriving in the United States, they picked me up at the airport, and took me to my accommodations, which they had arranged. After resting a few days, I was ready to start training. The quality of instruction was outstanding, and because of all HM Aviation had taken care of, I only had to worry about my flying. This let me complete my entire course in less than a year. The package deal they arranged also saved me a tremendous amount of money.

It is important to train with someone who knows the industry. HM Aviation knows the industry inside and out, and their expertise benefitted me beyond my expectations. I would recommend anyone serious about becoming a pilot contact them.

Choosing The Right Flight School

So, you want to become a pilot? A few very important decisions lie ahead of you. First, is where do I do my training? There are many choices available. One must research all the options.

First, the school must have a professional attitude, and put the interests of the student first. Many schools are well equipped, but do not put the interests of the student first. Does the school try to finish the students in minimum hours? Many schools and instructors will try to extend the students hours to generate more revenue, but this is the type of school students should avoid.

The quality of flight instructors is another important issue. Does the school have experienced instructors? Do the instructors have professional attitudes? Do they want to see their students succeed, or are they just building hours for the next job?

Flight School

Another important consideration is location. Is the school in a location good for flight training? Is the climate and terrain suitable for training new students? Are there many good weather days, or is there constant fog, and bad weather which will not allow for flight training? Even a well equipped school with good flight instructors is not good for training with few available days for training.

Another consideration is the type of equipment, and how well maintained it is. Are the aircraft suitable for flight training? Are they well maintained? Safety is important everywhere in aviation, and must start with the school.

The type of training facilities is also important. Do they have a good flight simulator? Is the classroom well equipped? Is it well lit? Well ventilated?
Careful consideration of a flight school will make training much more productive and enjoyable. Researching flying schools takes time and effort, but it is well worth it.

Airbus vs Boeing

The two main aircraft manufacturers of today are Boeing and Airbus. Boeing has a long history of manufacturing aircraft since Wolrd War 1 to the present era. Boeing’s makes aircraft in the United States. Airbus has entered the scene later. It started making it’s presense felt in the 1970s, and has grown quickly ever since. Airbus operated out of the European Union; with each country making a specified part.

From the pilot’s point of view, the main difference is with the controls. Boeing uses the classic “control column”, whereas Airbus uses a “joystick”. Airbus aircraft are all fly by wire. Any pilot input is transferred to a computer, and the computer will operate the controls. Hence, there is no direct control from the pilot. Boeing used hydraulics and a direct link to the contols. In this case, the pilot does directly operate the controls. In more modern Boeing aircraft, such as the Boeing-777, and Boeing-787, the controls have become fly by wire like the airbus, but the controls still come in the shape of a control column.

HM Aviation

Later Boeing-737 and Boeing-747 models have winglets at the end of their wings. The Airbus aircraft have 2 smaller winglets extending upward and downward from the end of their wings; where as the Boeing has a larger winglet extending upwards only. The winglets are abscent on the Boeing-747-8 and the Boeing-777 and Boeing-787 models. All modern existing Airbus aircraft have winglets.

Another noticeable difference is in the undercarriage. The Boeing 777 has 2 main undercarriages, with 6 wheels on each. The airbus 340 has 1 main undercarriage under each wing, with another under the canter of the fuselage, each with 4 wheels.

A slightly less noticeable difference is that Boeing aircraft tend to have pointed features, such as the nose, and cockpit windows (sharp corners on the Boeings, and more rounded or square corners on the Airbus). The nose tends to be more “round”, and less “pointed” on the Airbus aircraft.

In spite of the differences, both aircraft are taking millions of passengers around the world in comfort and safety. People and Airlines will always have their personal preferences, but can rely on either to get them where they want to go.

Commercial Pilot’s License

A Commercial Pilot’s License allows its holder to accept pay for flying. It is the license which allows an aspiring pilot to take his or her first job. The candidate must have successfully completed his/her private pilot license.

A number of requirements must be met to obtain a commercial pilot’s license:

  The applicant must be at least 18 year of age
  The applicant must have at Category 1 Medical
•  80 hours of ground school with at least 60% on a written test
  A minimum of 200 hours flight experience with 100 hours pilot in command and 20 hours cross-country pilot in    command
  A minimum of 65 hours flight training: 35 dual (with instructor) and 30 solo
  5 hours at night including a 2 hours cross-country. 5 hours cross-country (of which 2 may be of the night cross-    country requirements)
  20 hours instrument instruction time included in the 65 hours dual instruction
•  Must be a cross country flight at least 300 nautical mile raduis from point of departure with at least 3 full-stop    landings.
  5 hours solo night flight and completion of at least 10 circuits
  Must successfully complete flight test

instrument rating

There are many available paths for one to take after completion of the Commercial Pilot’s License. Some people obtain a flight instructor’s rating, and begin their career by teaching others to fly. Some do float ratings and become bush pilots, flying up North away from airports. Others do multi-engine and instrument ratings and fly charters. Many opportunities await!

Instrument Rating

The instrument rating can be completed any time after the private pilot license. Before the instrument rating, the pilot had to fly by reference to ground. As one flies in adverse weather, this becomes impractible.The instrument rating gives the pilot the ability to fly through clouds and in reduced visibility; absolutely essential for airline or charter flying.

The private and commercial licenses give the pilot some training on flying by sole reference to instruments. This falls far short of what is required on the instrument rating.

The candidate must successfully complete a written exam with 70% or higher. A flight test is also required. Although no minimum ground school hours are required, it is recommended that one take some ground school to prepare for the exam and the practical part of the instrument rating.

instrument rating

One must learn to prepare an IFR cross-country flight, using airways or air routes. This involves navigating with radio aids such as VOR, NDB, or GPS. The pilot also must learn holding patterns, and proper entry procedures. Instrument approaches, precision (with vertical guidance), and non-precision (without vertical guidance) must also be mastered. The flight test requires the candidate demonstrate proficiency in these areas.

The instrument rating will open many new doors for the pilot. A pilot must be cautious that his or her aircraft is capable of handling flying in this type of weather, and is protected against such hazards as icing. The pilot must also be sure their skills are always up to par, to handle the situation. The instrument rating is challenging, but well worth it.

Why Do Flight Training in North America?

There are a lot of places to do flight training in modern times. Currently, flight training is conducted on 6 of the 7 continents. Where does one go?

North America has a lot of area for flight training. Canada is the second largest country in terms of area, but a small population. This results in a massive amount of area available for all types of flight training.The mountains on the west coast make it unique for flight training.

Flight Training

There are large amounts of prairies and flatland which are excellent for training, as well as providing many possible destinations for cross-country flying.

The United States, although not as large as Canada, still has a lot of area available for flight training. It also has many flight schools, with the most advanced aviation industry in the world.All the open spaces, and diverse landscape, along with the advanced training facilities make North America the ideal place to learn to fly.